Executive Order 9066 was a United States presidential executive order signed and issued during World War II by United States President Franklin D. This order authorized the Secretary of War to prescribe certain areas as military zones, clearing the way for the incarceration of Japanese Americans, German Americans, and Italian Americans to American concentration camps. 9066 The President Executive Order Authorizing the Secretary of War to Prescribe Military Areas Whereas the successful prosecution of the war requires every possible protection against espionage and against sabotage to national-defense material, national-defense premises, and national-defense utilities as defined in Section 4, Act of April 20, 1918, 40 Stat. The designation of military areas in any region or locality shall supersede designations of prohibited and restricted areas by the Attorney General under the Proclamations of December 7 and 8, 1941, and shall supersede the responsibility and authority of the Attorney General under the said Proclamations in respect of such prohibited and restricted areas.533, as amended by the Act of November 30, 1940, 54 Stat. I hereby further authorize and direct the Secretary of War and the said Military Commanders to take such other steps as he or the appropriate Military Commander may deem advisable to enforce compliance with the restrictions applicable to each Military area here in above authorized to be designated, including the use of Federal troops and other Federal Agencies, with authority to accept assistance of state and local agencies.Two months after the Japanese bombing of Pearl Harbor, U. This resulted in the relocation of approximately 120,000 people, many of whom were American citizens, to one of 10 internment camps located across the country. Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9066 ordering all Japanese-Americans to evacuate the West Coast.According to the census of 1940, 127,000 persons of Japanese ancestry lived in the United States, the majority on the West Coast.One-third had been born in Japan, and in some states could not own land, be naturalized as citizens, or vote.
As a result, approximately 120,000 men, women, and children of Japanese ancestry were evicted from the West Coast of the United States and held in American concentration camps and other confinement sites across the country.
Executive Order 13769, titled Protecting the Nation from Foreign Terrorist Entry into the United States (also known has the travel ban, Trump travel ban, Muslim ban, Trump Muslim ban), was an executive order issued by United States President Donald Trump in effect, except to the extent blocked by various courts, from January 27, 2017, until March 16, 2017, the effective date of Executive Order 13780.
Executive Order 13769 lowered the number of refugees to be admitted into the United States in 2017 to 50,000, suspended the U. Refugee Admissions Program (USRAP) for 120 days, suspended the entry of Syrian refugees indefinitely, directed some cabinet secretaries to suspend entry of those whose countries do not meet adjudication standards under U. immigration law for 90 days, and included exceptions on a case-by-case basis.
Japanese Americans in Hawaii were not incarcerated in the same way, the attack on Pearl Harbor.
Although the Japanese American population in Hawaii was nearly 40% of the population of Hawaii itself, only a few thousand people were detained there, supporting the eventual finding that their mass removal on the West Coast was motivated by reasons other than "military necessity." Japanese Americans and other Asians in the U. had suffered for decades from prejudice and racially-motivated fear. The report, submitted exactly one month before Pearl Harbor was bombed, found that, "There will be no armed uprising of Japanese" in the United States.